An Introduction to the Great West Way

So I’ve briefed you on micro gaps, and have enjoyed numerous trips to Bath, Bristol and London – but have you ever given any thought to was lies in between? Or perhaps events in our history that even noted those towns and cities as popular and fashionable? Allow me to enlighten you.

A Brief History

If you don’t find the history of the Great West Way nearly as interesting as I do, click here to skip this section.

Until the mid-19th century, the only means of travel on the roads was by horse.

Sasha Trubetskoy has wildly reimagined every known Roman settlement in Britain on a subway-style map of Roman roads. Using Latin names, you‘d be forgiven for not recognising today’s major towns and cities, so here’s a few to help you out;

  • Aquae Sulis = Bath
  • Isca Dumnoniorum = Exeter
  • Lindinis = Ilchester
  • Londinium = London
  • Durnovaria – Dorchester
  • Glevum = Gloucester
  • Mamucium = Manchester
  • Pons Aelius = Newcastle-Upon-Tyne.

The lines themselves have modern English as the original Latin names have been lost to history. You can also see a version of the map with today’s English names here.

While we can attribute the physical routes to the Romans, there’s a number of notable monarchs that contributed to the roads that we know today.

The Old Bath Road

This can first be traced back to the 16th century during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (1558 – 1603) who enjoyed ‘progresses’ to her realm – including much of the West – road travel began to be used more widely for private as opposed to military purposes.

In 1574, Queen Elizabeth I started her progress from London with her sights set on Longleat. Historical accounts pinpoint her route passing from Greenwich, Richmond, Windsor, Reading, Ewelme, Woodstock, Sudeley Castle, Frocester (Berkeley Castle), Bristol and on to Bath.

Some 114 years later in 1688, Queen Anne visited seeking a cure for her gout – as a result of regular visits, the New Bath was renamed to the Queen’s Bath.

Endorsed by the Queen, Bath became incredibly popular among fashionable high society – earning the road to the town the nickname of ‘Bath Road’.

The Great West Road

In 1635, King Charles I (Reigning 1625 – 1649) – proposed by Thomas Witherings – built “Six Great Roads” to speed the transport of the King’s messages from London to the ports. (This facilitated the creation of the Royal Mail in 1660)

The Great West Road was one of Withering’s six roads. The original “Great West Road” in 1635 ran from London to Bristol via Oxford, but in 1660 changed to run along the Thames valley through Hungerford.

There’s conflicting information online as to the very definition of the Great West Road, but it’s commonly understood to be the major road that runs from London to Avonmouth – made up of the Great West Road, Bath Road and London Road.

It’s said that the journey from London to Bristol could take 2-3 days, with differing routes used during the various seasons.

The Great West Way

Today this ancient route is referred to as the A4, and runs parallel to the M4.

In a bid encourage tourism to other parts of the UK, The Great West Way has introduced a new 125-mile touring route between Bristol and London that takes you off the beaten track through idyllic countryside, quaint villages and elegant market towns – the route is very similar to that of Queen Elizabeth I’s progression.

The route passes through major areas including Bristol, Bath, Wiltshire, Berkshire, Southern Cotswolds, North Hants, South Oxfordshire, Somerset, Gloucestershire, West London and the River Thames.

I had the opportunity to discover Windsor Castle, and the Great West Way has put together some handy suggested itineraries. 

Image credit: Great West Way

Image credit: Great West Way

Great West Way Discoverers Pass

Conceived in 1832, The Great Western Railway contributes its own fascinating history and is a fantastically linked to the Great West Way – mostly because it’s entire purpose was to link Bristol and London through a pioneering railway line – and runs parallel to the A4 for a time.

There are three Great West Way Discoverer routes available – East (£69/£159), West (£24/£69) or Global (£239). This gives you the flexibility to explore the area in one-day instalments or over the duration of a week – either by train and/or bus, covering the following areas;

  • West of London (East)
  • West Berkshire (East)
  • Wiltshire (West)
  • The southern and Wiltshire Cotswolds(West)
  • Bath (West)
  • Bristol (West)

Do consider if this works out the most cost-effective way for you, as if you only have your sights set on one location it’s likely to be much cheaper to buy a return ticket to that destination.

As of 9th August 2019 train prices are;

  • £8.09 Off-Peak Day Return from Bristol to Bath
  • £12.00 Off-Peak Day Return from Bristol to Frome
  • £16.50 Off-Peak Day Return Bristol to Swindon
  • £23.70 Off-Peak Day Return Bristol to Salisbury
  • £61.40 Super Off-Peak Return Bristol to London Paddington

References:

https://www.visitnunney.com/queen-elizabeth-i/

https://www.thermaebathspa.com/news-info/about-the-spa/spa-history/

http://royalcrescentbath.co.uk/History%20bath.htm

https://pulteneyhotel.co.uk/about-bath/ https://goodspaguide.co.uk/features/spa-through-the-ages

https://bathpostalmuseum.org.uk/history/

https://www.hungerfordvirtualmuseum.co.uk/index.php/36-themes/transport/821-coaching

https://www.parkgrandlondon.com/blog/the-great-west-road-london/

https://londonhistorians.wordpress.com/2017/01/31/the-great-west-road/

http://www.wargravehistory.org.uk/april11.html

https://archive.is/20130420145521/http://www.hungerfordvirtualmuseum.co.uk/Themes/Transport/Coaching/coaching.html#selection-603.0-607.571

https://www.hungerfordvirtualmuseum.co.uk/index.php/10-themes/737-postal-service

https://www.hungerfordvirtualmuseum.co.uk/index.php/10-themes/737-postal-service

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